INTERNATIONAL CH'ANG-HON TAEKWON-DO FEDERATION‚Äč

 

General Choi Hong Hi

 

The founder of TaeKwon-Do...General Choi Hong Hi was born on November 9th, 1918, in the

Hwa Dae Myong Chun District of Korea known as Kilju. Unfortunately, he passed away @ 8:35 P.M. in Pyongyang, DPR Korea on the 15th of June 2002.

At the age of twelve he started to study Taek Kyon, an ancient Korean method of fighting with the feet.

Later, when he was studying in Japan, he met a Karate teacher who helped him earn his first degree

Black Belt in less than two years. He then intensified his training, striving to earn his second degree.

 Around the same time, he started teach.

 

Conscripted into the Japanese army during World War II, he was posted to Pyongyang where he

was imprisoned. Wanting to maintain his good physical and mental health during his imprisonment,

 he practiced karate, alone at first, then by teaching it to the staff of the prison and the other prisoners.

Becoming an officer in the new Korean Army after the end of the war, he continued to teach his

martial art to his soldiers as well as to American soldiers serving in Korea.

 

His beliefs and his vision of a different approach to teaching martial arts led General Choi to

combine elements of Taek Kyon and Karate techniques to develop a modern martial art.

He called it Tae Kwon Do, which means "the way of the feet and the hands", and this name was officially adopted on April 11th, 1955.

 

In 1959, General Choi was named President of the Korean Taekwon-Do Association.

Seven years later, on March 22nd, 1966, he created the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF).

As the Founder of Taekwon-Do and President of the ITF, he had the ability to share his art

 with students everywhere. Today, Taekwon-Do training is available around the world.

 

Since General Choi passed away there has been numerous organization that have

been formed including our own. It was named after the founders pen name which was given to him by his

calligraphy teacher. It was decided that this would honour our founder and to teach the orginal teachings  

of TaeKwon-Do that was laid out in the final 1999 encyclopedia edition. 

 

DEFINITION OF TAEKWON-DO
TAEKWON-DO...
A way of life.
What exactly is the meaning of Taekwon-Do?


To put it simply Taekwon-Do is a version of unarmed combat designed for the purpose of self-defence. It is more than just that, however. It is the scientific use of the body in the method of self-defence; a body that has gained the ultimate use of its facilities through intensive physical and mental training.

It is a martial art that has no equal in either power or technique. Though it is a martial art, its discipline, technique and mental training are the mortar for building a strong sense of justice, fortitude, humility and resolve. It is this mental conditioning that separates the true practitioner from the sensationalist, content with mastering only the fighting aspects of the art.

This is one of the reasons that Taekwon-Do is called an art of self-defence. It also implies a way of thinking and life, particularly in instilling a concept and spirit of strict self-imposed discipline and an ideal of noble moral rearmament. The nearest description of it is almost a cult.

Translated literally "Tae" stands for jumping or flying, to kick or smash with the foot. "Kwon" denotes the fist-chiefly to punch or destroy with the hand or fist. "Do" means an art or way - the right way built and paved by the saints and sages in the past.

Thus taken collectively "Taekwon-Do" indicates the mental training and the techniques of unarmed combat for self-defence as well as health, involving the skilled application of punches, kicks, blocks and dodges with bare hands and feet to the rapid destruction of the moving opponent or opponents.

Taekwon-Do definitely enables the weak to possess a fine weapon together with confidence to defend him or herself and defeat the opponent as well. Of course, wrongly applied, Taekwon-Do can be a lethal weapon. Therefore mental training must always be stressed to prevent the student from misusing it.

 

TAEKWON-DO AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
The study of Taekwon-Do offers several unique advantages to the physical fitness of the student. No doubt one of life's most treasured assets is good health. Therefore, one of the great cardinal sins of mankind is his abuse of this asset. Incidentally, he who does not abuse or hurt his own body, including the hair, is defined as obedient to his parents; so described in Oriental philosophy.

Wealth, power, fame and the blessing of physical beauty are all relatively unimportant if one does not possess good health. An individual owes it to himself and his family to constantly maintain and improve his health. Confucius said "Being in good health is a way of showing great devotion to the parents, as child's heath is their utmost concern."

The students will realize how important Taekwon-Do is to human health through the following article written by Dr. Robert S. Arner, a black belt holder of Taekwon-Do.

"Taekwon-Do may be practiced individually or in groups without the use of weights or special equipment. It is, in most cases, practiced alone except the sparring. Since the body sets its own limits, injuries or strains are rare and the physical condition of the student paces him automatically. The entire muscle system of the body, from the fingers to the toes, is brought into play.

The training does not produce large knotty muscles; it tends to exchange flabby fat tissue for lean tissue. The thick muscles developed through weight training tend to push the blood vessels apart without adding new ones to fill the gap. Such tissue has difficulty in receiving oxygen and disposing of waste through the blood stream and thus tires more easily.

Taekwon-Do's high repetition, low resistance movements develop a longer, leaner and more flexible musculature. Such muscles have more of their areas close to blood supply routes, thus producing maximum endurance and well-being (Brown and Kenyon, "Classical Studies on Physical Activity"p231.)

The emphasis in twisting the trunk in executing the kicking movements and in counterbalancing the hand movements builds a firm, well-muscled abdomen. The high leg raise preceding most of the kicks in Taekwon-Do also develops the side of the trunk and inner thigh muscles.

 

The typical training regimen, involving extensive movements of the entire body, raises the pulse rate and oxygen characteristics of the heart and lungs over an extended period. This increased ventilation is termed an aerobic effect (Cooper, Kenneth H. "Aerobics" p108) and provides the following benefits:

1. Helps the lungs operate more efficiently.
2. Enlarges the blood vessels, making them more pliable and reducing the resistance to blood flow, thus lowering the blood pressure.
3. Increases the blood supply, especially red blood cells and haemoglobin.
4. It makes the body tissue healthier in supplying it with more oxygen.
5. It conditions the heart, providing more reserve for emergencies:
6. It promotes better sleep and waste elimination.

The training tends to be a normalizer of body weight in that it results in a gain of solid tissue for the underweight and a loss of body fat for the obese. The estimated calorie-consumption for a vigorous Taekwon-Do workout is about six hundred calories per hour, one of the highest for any sports activity.

 

 

 

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